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This Day in History

World History

. :   Roman emperor Julius Caesar is assassinated, receiving between 23 and 35 stab wounds.

     Gaius Julius Caesar was born on 13 July 100 BC in Rome. His conquest of Gaul extended the Roman territory all the way to the Atlantic Ocean, with the first Roman invasion of Britain in 55 BC. He is regarded as one of the greatest military strategists of all time, as well as a brilliant politician. As leader of the Roman world, Caesar implemented extensive reforms of Roman society and government. He overthrew the already faltering government of the weak Republic, and was proclaimed Dictator for life. Caesar's friend Marcus Brutus conspired with around 60 other senators to assassinate Caesar in hopes of saving the Republic, and to prevent Caesar from being declared 'King'.

The assassination took place on 15 March 44 BC, known as the Ides of March, an auspicious day in the Roman calendar. It is said that a soothsayer warned Caesar ahead of time of the date. The phrases "Beware the Ides of March" and "Et tu, Brut?" (denoting the ultimate in betrayal from a friend) from Shakespeare's 'Julius Caesar', are two of the most remembered lines of any of Shakespeare's plays.

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