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World History

Sunday, May 16, 1943. :   The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, in which the Jews mounted a concerted resistance against the Nazis, ends.

     Soon after the Germans occupied Poland in WWII, Nazi troops forced Warsaw's almost 500,000 Jewish citizens into an 840 acre "ghetto" surrounded by barbed wire. Thousands of Jews were killed by disease or starvation prior to July 1942, and in the 52 days before 12 September 1942, about 300,000 Ghetto residents were sent to the Treblinka concentration camp, where they were exterminated. The Jewish underground movement was established in response to these atrocities.

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was a Jewish armed resistance against Nazi Germany attempts to liquidate the remains of the Warsaw Ghetto in occupied Poland during World War II. It was initiated on 18 January 1943, when the first instance of armed resistance occurred against the Germans as they proceeded to begin the second wave of expulsion of the Jews. The Jewish fighters were successful in halting the expulsion after four days, and the ŻOB and ŻZW resistance organisations took control of the Ghetto, building dozens of fighting posts and operating against Jewish collaborators.

The final battle started on the eve of the Jewish Passover, 19 April 1943, as Nazi leader Heinrich Himmler announced that the ghetto was to be cleared out in honour of Hitler's birthday the following day. Jewish partisans shot and threw grenades at German and allied patrols from alleyways, sewers, house windows, and even burning buildings. The Nazis responded by shelling the houses block by block and rounding up or killing any Jew they could capture. Significant resistance ended on April 23, and the uprising ended on 16 May 1943.

During the fighting approximately 7,000 Jewish residents of the concentration camp ghetto were killed. 6,000 more were burnt alive or gassed in bunkers. The remaining 50,000 people were sent to German death camps, mostly to Treblinka. Approximately 300 Germans and collaborators were killed in the fighting.


Today in History

Thought For Today
In the same way you younger people must submit to your elders. And all of you must put on the apron of humility, to serve one another.
1 Peter 5:5 (c) GNB
To be the greatest person in your community - you must serve your community greatly

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